Future Tenses #2

Author: 
Leonardo Camerlingo

Want to Learn English?

English Language Tips for Student Study
By Leonardo Camerlingo
CELTA Qualified English Teacher to speakers of other languages.

Grammar
Future tenses #2

The Future Perfect, Future Continuous and Future Perfect Continuous

.
A: Hi Brian have you seen Mark. I really need that report
B: Hi Alex, yes I saw him a couple of minutes ago, and he told me that he will have finished the report by six o’clock.
A: Perfect. Can I ask you a favour?
B: Sure what do you need Alex?
A: I need to know how much money the company will have spent by the end of
the year.
B: Give me a minute, I’ll do the math. Let’s see… roughly, ten million.
A: That’s not very good. I guess Jane won’t be having any fun tomorrow, at the meeting.
B: I don’t care. This time tomorrow I will be lying on the beach. I’m going on vacation for two weeks.
A: Good for you Brian. Can I ask you how long you have been working here?
B: I will have been working here for ten years, by the end of next month.
A: Wow, that’s a long time.

Future perfect
Subject + will + have + past participle

The future perfect is used to indicate that an action will have been finished, or completed at some point in the future
He will have the report finished by six o’clock.
• How much money will the company have spent by the end of the year?

Future continuous
Subject + will + be + ing

The future continuous is used to talk about an unfinished activity that will be in progress at a specific point in time in the future.
• I guess Jane won’t be having any fun this time tomorrow at the meeting.
• Tomorrow I will be lying on the beach.

Future perfect continuous
Subject + will + have been + ing

The future perfect continuous refers to events or actions in a time between now and sometime in the future, are unfinished.
I will have been working here for ten years by the end of next month.
Carol will have been studying for five hours by the time you arrive.

NB: You have probably noticed that for these tenses, very often the time reference is expressed through specific time clauses.
• He will have the report finished by six o’clock.
• How much money will the company have spent by the end of the year?
• Carol will have been studying for five hours by the time you arrive.
• I will have been working here for ten years by the end of next month.

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