Past Perfect Simple
Last week, Jane and Sofia entered into a competition. They played a collectible card game. They had practiced and searched for the best cards for 8 months before they entered in the competition. They were very good.
Jane and Sofia's friends went with them to the venue where the competition took place. Before that day, they had never seen Jane and Sofia play. In fact, Jane and Sofia had never played in front of anyone they knew. After everyone had played several matches, everyone saw that Jane and Sofia had won. They were the best players in the competition. Sofia said she had never practiced so hard before! She was glad they had practiced a lot.
As we can see from the story above the past perfect simple is basically used to talk about completed actions before a moment in the past.
Here we can see the past perfect is used to indicate that an action happened before another. First they had played several matches and after everyone saw.
Born in small village in the south of Italy Leonardo Camerlingo is an English
language teacher who learned to love the English language through
his experiences in the UK and Ireland. After completing a Bachelor’s Degree
in Business Economics he started to nurture his real passion.
He attended several courses abroad and became an English teacher
after taking the Cambridge Celta Certificate at the English Academy in Dublin in 2013.
Currently he teaches privately and he is attending a well-known language university in Milan where,
not only is he continuing to specialise in the English language but he has also
taken up the study of the Japanese language.